In this article, I will explain the tasks and role of management or manager…
Tasks of Management
In the management, the managers divide our tasks into various forms such as:-
1. Objectives of the organization:
Every business or company wants economic profits because it helps to run the business and every non-business firms want to accomplish the non-economic goals. They focus on their social tasks like education, or health facilities.
Business company and its management deal with business goals, i.e., the profit goals. The focus on management is to earn more and more profit and wealth for our business because if the management achieves its goals then it will have to provide better goods to the customers.
2. Making work productive:
In this culture, every manager wants to enhance the level of production because it helps to achieve the profit of margin for the company. It refers to the conversion of their inputs (raw materials, labor) into the output (goods and services). The factor is totally responsible for human beings or factor. Without human resource, inputs would remain as inputs only.
So, the important task of management is to enhance the level of production. The human level of resources not only helps to achieve the organizational goals but also helps to provide the motivation to our individual or workers.
3. Social responsibilities:
The business or non-business organizations have a motive to organize the factors related to social responsibility because it helps to win the confidence or trust of the customer.
The business provides a well-being living to workers and gives them social affection or status in the society i.e., provide benefits to the society like provide quality goods to the consumers, pay regular taxes to the government, provide environmental protection, and paying regular dividends to the shareholders.
Though profit and wealth maximization is the main objective of any organization, social responsibility also plays a very important role in the objective.
Role of Managers
The role of managers is different from their functions. The functions describe the overall structure of what managers should do. So, the roles are:-
(i) Interpersonal Roles
(ii) Informational Roles
(iii) Decisional Roles
(i) Interpersonal Roles-
The interpersonal roles indicate the relation between the managers with their superiors, subordinates, peers, and outside parties. If a manager fails to manage or coordinate all things, then he cannot be called a successful manager. The three main interpersonal roles of actions are:-
(a) The managers work as a figurehead:
It means the managers perform duties like verifying documents, making speeches, attending seminars and social functions of employees, appreciating employees for their achievements and other legal or social duties.
(b) Manager as the leader:
Managers are work as a bone part of any organization because it helps to lead the business activities. They supervise the subordinates and their works and as well helps to solve the work-related problems. He coordinates the goals of the organization with their various employees, individuals, and others.
He motivates the employees towards their goals and creates enthusiasm, loyalty amongst them to achieve the pre-determined goals.
(ii) Informational Roles-
The managers are work like as a communicator or informer because it transfers the business-related information (whether it is internal or external) to their upper and lower level management. So, he performs the following points such as:-
(a) Manager as monitors:
The manager monitors the internal or external organizational activities by the various source of pieces of information like journals and periodicals. They solve problems according to the situation. They try to collect more and more information through field survey and management tours so that the organization can work effectively.
(b) Managers as spokespersons or mediators:
Managers target the link of the relation between the superiors and subordinates and also between the internal and external organizational environment. They transfer the information form superior to subordinates and similarly, they transfer the problem of work and achievements form subordinates to superiors.
(iii) Decisional Roles-
After the collection of the proper data structure from various formal and informal sources, managers or executives use this information of data to solve their organizational problems. They help to choose the best alternative from various other sources of alternatives. So, the main decisional roles are:
(a) Managers as entrepreneurs:
Managers think and analyze new ideas and implement them within the framework of resources. It helps to modify, innovate or renovate the existing type of activities.
(b) Managers as resources organizers:
Managers help to allocate the resources (whether it is physical, material, or financial resources) to various activities of the business so that they can achieve their pre-determined goals.